Simultaneously the elections, Learning Democracy

In three days the simultaneous local elections in 2017 immediately implemented in 101 areas. Public re-tested to elect regional heads who can bring about change. Behind some opposition, fanfare and festivity, the more so the local elections in democratic public place of learning.


The political temperature in the country is getting warmed up ahead of the event next February 15 election simultaneously in 7 provinces, 18 cities and 76 counties. Concurrent attend the elections as a means to strengthen local democratic consolidation in Indonesia. At least the elections aiming to create election administration that is efficient and effective. Representativeness between the community and the regional head is also expected to increase. In addition, the regional government is also expected to create an effective and efficient.

2015 was the first time the simultaneous holding of local elections in the national coverage. Data refer to the General Election Commission (KPU), from 269 regional election held simultaneously with two years ago, there were 827 pairs of candidates contesting or an average of three pairs of candidates in each region. Of that amount, a total of 690 pairs of candidates ahead of the path of political parties and other candidates from the 137 pairs of individual lines. Compared to the elections of 2010, the number of all candidates who competed were much lower. Based on data from the Election Supervisory Body (Bawaslu), the elections of 2010 there were 1,083 pairs of candidates fought in the 244 regions with an average of 4.5 pairs of candidates per region.

2017, the number of areas that are holding the election less than in 2015, only 101 areas with the number of candidates who berkontestasi many as 310 couples, or an average of three pairs of candidates in each region. Of that number, 242 pairs advanced candidate fielded by political parties and 68 pairs of candidates from individual lines.

This year, there are 16 regions with the number of candidates who competed over the six candidates. With the configuration of the number of candidates competing in the election is constantly changing, how the public addressing the simultaneous election events that will be held two days ahead?

Evaluation and dissemination

Compass poll results conducted last week showed that more than half of respondents (62.8 percent) said they were satisfied with the outcome of the elections simultaneously, 2015. However, there are still 34.3 per cent of respondents stating otherwise. At that time, election marred election budget shifts were originally charged to the budget to burden the budget so that the open conflict of interest petahana prospective head region.

Furthermore, one in two respondents stated that the mechanism of the elections have spawned regional head in line with expectations. However, the proportion stating otherwise was not small. Nearly half of the respondents (46.6 percent) acknowledged that the mechanism of local elections during childbirth is not maximum quality regional head. Instead of working hard for change in the region, some regional heads election results in 2015 to be entangled case law, both drug and corruption cases, shortly after winning the contestation.

How public assessment of the implementation of simultaneous local elections in 2017? Reflecting on the implementation of the previous local elections, preparations for the elections simultaneously in 2017 rated better by the majority of the public. However, the public gave a number of records associated with the electoral process.

There are still about 40 percent of the public who claimed not to know the procedure to be followed if the name was not included in the voters list (DPT). KPU socialization conducted on each pair of candidates was considered not enough for 40.4 percent of respondents.

In connection with the respondents' knowledge of the prospective head region, about 60 percent of the respondents are aware profiles, capacity, and program pairs of candidates from the mass media. Only 13 percent said they knew a lot about the ins and outs of candidates who competed in the election later. Associated program, there are 22 percent of respondents who did not know anything about what will be done a couple of candidates.

Although socialization is not maximized, the majority of the public (79.7 percent) will use their voting rights. KPU own target of political participation in the elections in 2017 amounted to 77.5 percent. Several factors will be considered responders to determine the regional head candidate choice is the vision and mission factor (19.6 percent), personality (14.9 percent), the track record is clean of corruption (13.6 percent), religious similarity (9.6 percent), professional background (8.3 percent), and performance (6.8 percent).

Rational consideration seems to be the top choice of respondents to the elections this time. Although there were respondents who made the commonness of religion as a factor for choosing the head of the area, a larger proportion make a more rational factors as the primary consideration choose. Against regional head candidates who indicated any corruption, the majority of respondents (71.1 per cent) will not be chosen.

Prone to money politics

Suspected money politics will dominate the election this time. The majority of respondents agrees that money politics still dominates local elections, 2017. Concurrent quiet period is the most prone to money politics. Public assessment is in line with the Vulnerability Index 2017 issued Bawaslu elections where political insecurity money occupies the highest position. Political money is called a concern in 7197 polling stations (TPS).

TPS prone to political money is valued in West Papua Province reached 71.68 percent of the total 2,857 polling stations. Political vulnerability of money indicated on giving money, goods, and services directly to voters. While in the region with the typology of rural and underdeveloped, bribes given to the organizers of the election.

Modus money politics are now more diverse. Cross Local Democracy Studies (LIDAL) found alleged vote-buying mode involving traders or shopkeepers to distribute groceries to the people who have earned a coupon of successful teams. Vote-buying also occur by mobilizing shadow witnesses through the mobilization of a team of volunteers at every polling station as much as 10-25 with rewards ranging from Rp 100,000 to Rp 250,000 per person.

Hope

Concurrent local elections were held soon be back to test the public's ability democratically elect regional heads. One of them visible from the public option that is more focused on rational considerations rather than primordial background of candidates for regional leaders. Public rational choice is related to the duties of regional heads who must serve all groups rather than the interests of a particular religion or ethnicity.

It should be observed from the prospective head region is public expect the implementation of the election is not only honest and fair, but also able to bring a leader who served the public interest. Elected regional heads will mainly expected also to reorganize public services such as health, education (21.9 percent), issued a pro-people policies to farmers, workers, small traders, small and medium enterprises (18.8 percent), improved infrastructure (15.6 percent), vision and mission of the candidate pairs are kept (12 percent), and eradicate corruption in the bureaucracy (11.9 percent).

The desire of the public to get a head area that serves the public would also be highly dependent on their voters. Whether they are easily tempted by the lure of material, emotional pull primordial, or reinforce rational consideration in determining his choice.

(Susanti A Simanjuntak / Research Kompas)

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